5 Elements of a Good Poem

There are many writing elements that you can include in your poetry, such as imagery, symbolism, rhythm, structure, diction, voice, meter, similes, metaphors, hyperboles, allegory, etc.

In my poetry, the five most important writing elements that I include are imagery, symbolism, rhythm, structure, and meter.


You want your readers to imagine exactly what is happening in your poem. They should be able to see the mental images you are creating. This is what makes a poem come alive. Imagery is not pictures in the minds of your readers though. Imagery could be making your readers remember a specific smell or feeling. Make your readers taste the peach in your poem. Make your readers smell the honeysuckles in summer. Make them imagine.


Symbols are used to show your readers a deeper meaning to things than just the object itself. It helps to convey the tone and mindset of the writer. Symbolism is a perfect way to show the reader what you want them to take away from the poem without saying it straight out. Poetry is beautiful and mysterious. Use that to symbolize what you want your readers to know.

Rhythm, Structure and Meter

To me, the best part of poetry is the rhythm that pronounces itself when you read it out loud. In order to achieve this, we have to create a structure within the syllables and lines as we write. Is your poem going to have four lines per stanza or five? Are you going to have 16 syllables every other line and 8 syllable lines in between? This kind of pattern is what makes the poem have a rhythm.

Dawn Zauner – Writing Expert
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